Mobile UE Emulator

Emulates 4G LTE and 5G NR UEs to test the eNB/gNB RAN with a variety of traffic options including VoLTE IMS, HTTP, UDP, TCP and Ping.
4G-LTE
VoLTE
IMS
5G
Mobile UE Emulator

Emulates 4G LTE and 5G NR UEs to test the eNB/gNB RAN with a variety of traffic options including VoLTE IMS, HTTP, UDP, TCP and Ping.

Overview

The Valid8 Mobile UE Emulator provides a cost-effective, scalable, solution for generating realistic 4G/5G UE calls in testing scenarios

What It Can Do For You

The UE Emulator solution is capable of simulating and testing multiple devices individually or in parallel. It is a scalable solution that enables the generation of up to hundreds of calls over the Uu interface. It is useful for RAN feature and capacity testing and any use case where real call generation is needed.

  • It can simulate UEs
  • It can test eNodeB & gNodeB

Why It’s Different

It provides many advantages over using real UEs or basic simulators, including: 

  • Software based UEs are much more flexible in terms of adding new features than real UEs.
  • Real UEs often become obsolete within a few years
  • Easier to execute scripts over large numbers of virtual UEs than on real UEs
  • The HW doesn’t need to change when increasing the number of virtual UEs
  • The band for software based UEs are fully configurable, unlike real UEs
  • TCO (total cost of ownership) for software based UE solution is less expensive than real UEs

Features

  • Scalable architecture
  • 3GPP release 8 - 15
  • Includes PHY, MAC, RLC, PDCP, RRC, and NAS layers
  • IP traffic generator (ping, UDP, HTTP)
  • Supports Valid8 VoIP Load Tester (includes VoLTE)
  • UE data pass-thru
  • Automation API
  • Voice Quality Measurement (VQM) for QoS
  • FDD and TDD
  • Carrier Aggregation

Subsystems

The Valid8 UE Emulator is comprised of multiple subsystems that are available individually or in parallel, and are scalable to fit your needs. The individual emulators are controllable through their call controllers, and the traffic can be captured through use of a remote capture tool such as Wireshark.

Wrap-around tester option includes:

  • eNodeB/gNodeB (femto, pico, or emulated)
  • 4GC including MME, SGW, PGW, OCS, HSS, PCRF, ePDG
  • 5GC including AMF, SMF, UPF, PCF, UDR
KPIs
  • ‍Attach Requests/Successes/Fails
  • Detach Requests/Successes/Fails
  • Dedicated Bearer Requests/Successes/Fails
  • Current Active Sessions/ Bearers
  • Number of Sessions/ Bearers Created
  • Attach Request Response Time
  • Dedicated Bearer Setup Request Response Time
  • Detach Request Response Time
  • Authentication Request Response Time
  • Authentication Request Response Time
  • Tracking Area Update Request Response Time 
Configurable Parameters
  • Mobile Country Code
  • Mobile Network Code
  • eNodeB Type
  • IP Addres S1 Interface
  • IP Address eNodeB
  • Primary DNS Address
  • Secondary DNS Adress
  • MAC Address Public Gateway
  • GTP Tunnel IP Address and Port
  • GTP Tunnel eNodeB IP Address
  • Integrity Algorithm
  • IP Address to assign UEs on LAN

Automation API

User commands can be fully automated using REST API. This includes performing all test control functions as well as collecting results and metrics. It can be integrated into virtually any CI system via the HTTP API, including Jenkins, CircleCI, Gitlab and others.

Scripting

The application’s subsystems can be edited directly in the browser using TDL or by using the graphical tools. The Message Workshop allows for creating of test scenarios directly from the hex stream of a remote capture, while the Graphical Editor (on the feature roadmap for 1Q 2020) will allow for creating customized call scenarios by dragging and dropping the call flow to meet your test needs.

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Use Cases

eNodeB Under Test

In the scenario where the eNodeB is to be tested, it can be tested by the Valid8 4G Network Emulator emulating the core network. Additionally, load and conformance tests are available for interfaces S1-MME and S1-U. In the case where the eNodeB needs to be tested on the RF side, it can be tested by the Valid8 4G UE Emulator.

Supported Scenarios:
  • ‍Power on / Start up
  • Attach
  • TAU
  • Attach
  • eRAB Setup
  • Detach
  • X2 handover
  • Emulates MME (for S1-MME) and SGW (for S1-U) along with all other needed core network elements, exposing all internal interfaces
  • Conformance tests available for S1-MME, S1-U, and X2

gNodeB Under Test

In the scenario where the gNodeB is to be tested, it can be tested by the Valid8 5G Network Emulator emulating the core network. Additionally, load and conformance tests are available for interfaces N1/N2/N3. In the case where the gNodeB needs to be tested on the RF side, it can be tested by the Valid8 5G UE Emulator.

Supported Scenarios:
  • ‍Power on / Start up
  • Attach/Registration
  • Detach/Deregistration
  • Session management
  • Emulates AMF along with all other needed core network elements, exposing all internal interfaces

  • Conformance & registration tests available for N1, N2, N3
Mobile UE Emulator
Mobile UE Emulator

Summary of Specifications

The Valid8 UE Emulator is capable of simulating and testing multiple devices individually or in parallel and is scalable to fit your needs.

Specifications

Protocols

  • ‍3GPP TS 23.401 (EUTRAN)
  • 3GPP TS 24.301 (NAS)
  • 3GPP TS 29.060 (GTPv1)
  • 3GPP TS 29.274 (GTPv2-C)
  • 3GPP TS 29.281 (GTPv1-U)
  • 3GPP TS 36.413 (S1AP)
  • 3GPP TS 36.414 (S1-U)
  • IETF RFC5246 (TLS, Protocol (1.0, 1.1, 1.2))
  • IETF RFC6101 (SSL, Protocol Version 3.0)
  • IETF RFC793 (TCP)
  • IETF RFC768 (UDP)
  • IETF RFC4960 (SCTP)
  • IETF RFC791 (IPv4)
  • IETF RFC2460 (IPv6)
  • IETF RFC3711 (SRTP)
  • IETF RFC1035 (DNS)
  • IETF RFC2131 (DHCP)
  • IETF RFC3550 (RTP/RTCP)
  • IETF RFC3261 (SIP)

UE

  • Internal femtocell: 500 - 6000 Mhz; covering all sub-6GHz bands including unlicensed 5Ghz band, CBRS band and others
  • Duplex: FDD & TDD
  • Interface Uu from UE to RAN
  • SIMs are software-based and configurable
  • Range: 32ft (10m)

UEs Emulated

  • ‍Scalable; up to 256 per unit

UE Configuration

  • ‍IMSI
  • IMEISV
  • Secret key
  • UE category
  • Duplex mode
  • Default APN
  • Tunnel setup script
  • Power on/off via script
  • Simulation on user plane

Scenarios

  • ‍HTTP
  • Ping
  • Flooding
  • VoLTE

4G Technical Specifications

  • 3GPP Specification : LTE Release 8 support with features up to Release 15
  • Frequency bands : All sub-6GHz bands, 500 - 6000 Mhz; including Bands 1 - 44 plus unlicensed 5Ghz band and others
  • Bandwidth :0.2 (for NB-IoT), 1.4, 3, 5, 10, 15 and 20 MHz
  • Carrier Aggregation: up to 4 carriers in DL and 2 carriers in UL
  • MIMO : DL MIMO support up to 4x4
  • Modulation schemes : up to 256 QAM in DL and UL
  • AS encryption and Integrity protection :AES, SNOW3G, ZUC
  • Handover : Intra-freq, inter-freq and inter-band Handovers
  • Group communication : eMBMS as per Rel10
  • IoT : LTE category 0 and 1, LTE-M cat M1, NB-IoT cat NB1 and NB2 UE categories. Category NB1 (NB-IoT) support with multi-tone and multi-DRB.
  • UE Categories : Cat0, Cat1, Cat2, Cat3, Cat4, Cat15 with 4CCs in DL and Cat13 with 2 CCs in UL
  • Subframe configuration: 0 to 6 supported
  • Transmission Mode: up to TM10
  • Number of active users : 1000+ UEs (see table page 4 for details)
  • Number of active cells : 4 cells MIMO 2x2 or 2 cell MIMO 4x4
  • IP traffic : simulation of TCP, UDP, RTP, HTTP and VoIP with configurable packet size as well as support of external applications such as iperf

5G Technical Specifications

  • 3GPP Specification : Release 15
  • Frequency bands : All sub-6GHz bands, 500 - 6000 Mhz; including Bands 1 - 44 plus unlicensed 5Ghz band and others
  • Bandwidth : 1.4, 3, 5, 10, 15, 20, 50 MHz. (100MHz planned for 3Q2020)
  • Carrier Aggregation: up to 4 carriers in DL and 2 carriers in UL
  • MIMO : DL MIMO support up to 4x4
  • Modulation schemes : up to 256 QAM in DL and UL
  • Subcarrier spacing : All SSB/data subcarrier spacing combination
  • Supported Modes : NSA and SA
  • NSA NR split bearer : 3, 3a, 3x
  • Use case : eMBB
  • Number of active users : 1 UE
  • Number of active cells : 1 cell
  • IP traffic : simulation of TCP, UDP, RTP, HTTP and VoIP with configurable packet size as well as support of external applications such as iperf

Product Details

Hardware 

  • ‍Intel-based; scalable to meet performance needs 

Operating System 

  • ‍Protocol Engine (Linux-based) 

User Interface 

  • ‍Browser-based, touch-optimized graphical user interface 

Automation 

  • ‍HTTP API 

Max output power 

  • 31 mW (femto RF module option) 

Connector types

  • ‍Femtocell: SMA female 
  • Picocell: N-type female 

Hardware dimensions 

  • M5: 3.5"H x 17.2"W x 25.5”D; appx. 16.7lb 

Power supply 

  • M5: 520W AC to DC, 100 - 240v 

Note

  • Actual throughput levels over radio may vary based on the 3rd party device manufacturer and software versions. Valid8 product specifications are subject to change at any time without notice.

Valid8 exports its products strictly in accordance with all US Export Control laws and regulations which shall apply to any purchase or order. Specifications are subject to change without notice.

500 West Cummings Park, Suite 6550 Woburn, MA 01801
p: +1-855-482-5438
f: +1-781-996-3708
welcome@valid8.com
VALID8.COM

Ordering Information

  • Product Name: Mobile UE Emulator 
  • Product Code: mobile-ue-emulator

Datasheet Page

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Emulation options:
lte-core-network-emulator-enodeb-mimo-m5-1-pkg : 1 M5, 1 eNB (up to 2x2 MIMO and up to 4 CA), 1 EPC (MME, HSS, PGW, SGW, OCS, PCRF), supporting 1 UE, basic call
5g-core-network-emulator-gnodeb-m5-1-pkg : 1 M5, 1 eGNB, 1 5GC (AMF, SMF, UDR, AUSF, NRF), supporting 1 UE, basic call
(others on request)(others on request)

Protocol interface options:
(on request)

Miscellaneous options:
network-emulator-internal-impairment-module
Security, fuzzing, penetration test

Licensing options:
wireless-UE-upgrade-licenses-10 : 10 UEs
wireless-UE-upgrade-licenses-20 : 20 UEs
(others on request)
3CA
4CA
2x2 MIMO
Multiple eNodeBs on request
Multiple EPC network elements on request

Disclaimer:

Depending on the 3rd party device manufacturer and software versions, you may experience different throughput levels over the radio. Specifications are subject to change at any time without notice.

Datasheet Page
Mobile Core Network Emulator

Mobile Core Network Emulator

Options:

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4g
5g

mobile-sw-core-network-emulator-1000 : 1,000 sessions, base protocol, basic call
mobile-sw-core-network-emulator-10000 : 10,000 sessions, base protocol, basic call
mobile-sw-core-network-emulator-100000 : 100,000 sessions, base protocol, basic call
mobile-sw-core-network-emulator-1000000 : 1,000,000 sessions, base protocol, basic call
(others on request)

Miscellaneous options:
network-emulator-internal-impairment-module
Security, fuzzing, penetration test

Licensing options:
(not applicable)

Datasheet Page

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